What is Debt Financing?

Almost all businesses, big or small, need to borrow money at some point. Whether it is for large assets such as land and buildings, or simply for supplies to keep a business running, debt financing plays a major role in modern business. Put simply, debt financing is the borrowing of money to keep a business running, to expand a business, or to acquire assets. Long term debt financing is usually associated with larger assets such as machinery, equipment or real estate, and it is paid back over many years. Short term debt financing, on the other hand, is most often used for business operations such as supplies or payroll, and it is often paid back within a year.

The alternative to debt financing is equity financing, which involves the acquisition of money from investors and/or savings. However, we will focus on debt financing in this article.

While most companies in Britain receive their financing from internal finance, 39 percent rely on external sources of finance, usually debt financing in the form of a bank loan. The business will agree the term of the loan and the interest rate, whether variable or fixed, with the lender. As with any loan, companies will have to show the bank how it is going to repay the money and secure the loan against an asset. The asset will usually be a premises or a piece of equipment that covers the value of the loan. In addition, a bank may require that some kind of personal asset is offered as security.

Financial institutions tend to favour companies that have good management, a reliable projected cash flow and good growth potential. The business may have to demonstrate that it can meet the monthly payments from projected revenues in its business plan. Of course, the company will have to comply with the payment schedule specified by the lending institution, and it may run into trouble if it deviates from this. Longer term loans are usually provided in this manner.

Debt financing products

Companies looking for debt finance to cover day to day running costs often opt for an overdraft instead of a long term loan, although these are falling in popularity because of high interest rates, steep fines and the obligation to repay on demand.

There are many options currently available for companies looking to avail of debt financing. Factoring and invoice discounting allow small businesses to take loans out against sales, while leasing allows for the borrowing of money to buy machinery or equipment. However, term loans remain the most popular with businesses and with banks. From the point of the view of the financial institutions, it allows them to impose regular repayment schedules over fixed periods, which is less risky than overdrafts. Many companies are known to have fallen foul of the banks because they were unable to repay overdrafts when asked. This provides an overview of the debt financing products available.

Every lending institution has its own products, rules and rates so it is worth while for any business to shop around for an arrangement that suits its needs. Some companies even offer credit cards designed for small businesses to pay for day to day incidentals. However, these can become an expensive luxury if the balance is not cleared every month.

Debt over equity

Debt financing remains more popular than equity financing for a number of reasons. Interest paid on loans can often be deducted against taxes, and debt finance is available in small, accessible amounts, whereas equity finance tends to be in large amounts. Also, with debt financing the lender has no say in how the business is run and has no rights to any ownership or profits of the business. Another advantage is that business profits can be kept within the company while the loan is used for day to day running or the acquisition of assets.

Debt financing is not a suitable option for all businesses. However, for small businesses where equity financing is not an option, it can be a valuable service in the day to day running of operations and the purchase of equipment. While loans often tend to be short term and at high interest rates, debt financing remains a popular choice for many companies.

Before Opting for a Personal Loan

By virtue of being an unsecured loan, personal loans have a very high rate of interest attached to it. So one should consider taking a personal loan only if:

  • You do not have an asset/security against which you can get a loan. For e.g. if you have an FD you can pledge, a secure loan might make more sense.
  • You have some visibility on your cash flows and are sure that you will be able to repay the EMIs (Equated Monthly Installments) in time. Else you are bound to enter into a debt trap.
  • There is an emergency and you need funds immediately. A personal loan can be taken because the processing time is much lesser on account of minimal documentation.

Opt for personal loans only to meet your essential needs which cannot wait. It should be your last resort. Taking it for satisfying leisure needs can prove to be costly i.e. for gambling, buying a new car (a car loan is a better bet with a lower interest) etc.

Before you choose your personal loan:

Calculate the cheapest loan offer: These loans come with very high interest rates ranging from 14% to 25%. Compare interest rates and get the complete picture by understanding the annualized interest rates for each offer. Then figure out the total amount of repayment you need to shell out with all the offers before opting for the loan of your choice.

Processing fee et al: You need to keep in mind the processing fee and other fees that will be levied when you apply for your personal loan.

Prepayment penalty check: Ask upfront if there would be any penalty payments for prepayment of the personal loan at any point in time. More often than not loan consumers tend to pay up their loans earlier than planned to be rid of debt. Hence, it’s important to know if your personal loan offer allows part prepayments. If that is the case, then you should be aware from what time frame in the loan period you can start prepaying and understand the cost you incur due to such prepayments in part or full.

EMI and tenure: Evaluate all loan offers. The first condition for loan offer selection is the total money outflow that the loan will cost. The second factor is the EMI. A loan offer with a lower EMI and a longer tenure may seem attractive, as it could be easy on your purse strings, however not all such loans prove to be cost effective in the long run. Hence, first calculate the total loan cost and then try to opt for a higher EMI, which you can comfortably manage to enable a shorter loan tenure.

Keeping track of your credit history: Especially in the case of unsecured loans, your credit history, which is recorded by CIBIL (Credit Bureau India Limited) plays a critical role in your loan application being accepted. A good repayment track record ensures an instant loan approval but brownie points in the form of more attractive interest rates.

Who is eligible for a personal loan?

The eligibility criteria and their specific details may differ from banks to bank based on their perception of the risks associated with such loans. However, nearly all banks divide the potential borrowers into three categories:

  • Salaried individuals
  • Self employed individuals
  • Self employed professionals

Other factors which are taken into consideration are, age, residence, work experience, repayment capacity, past obligations and place of work.

What documents are required for personal loans?

Personal loans require the least number of documents, making it the fastest to be approved. Typically, financial institutions would require proof of identity, residence, income and also 3 to 6 months of your bank statements. Some banks also require guarantors and the same set of their documents.

Alternatives to a personal loan

As indicated in the beginning of the article if you have access to investments that you can pledge, like shares, fixed deposits, gold, insurance policies etc. you can obtain a loan against them. The interest rates are lower compared to personal loan interest rates.

Educate Yourself to Amazing Car Finance

When it comes to making a car purchase, paying for it is a big part of the battle. Even mid level new cars run into the $20,000 range. Because of these prices, few people pay cash for cars anymore and statistically about 7 out of every 10 people use car finance to pay for their new vehicle. In order to get the best car finance possible, you need to understand how the whole process work.

First, you want to figure out where you are going to get your car finance. There are a number of institutions that can get you financing. Banks, credit unions, the dealership, or even auto manufacturers can provide financing for your new or used vehicle.

Second, with a car finance, you need to realize that whether you buy a new or used vehicle will affect your financing. As a general rule, interest rates will be lower on new cars than on used ones. Also, new cars can often qualify for financing over a longer period of time than can used cars.

Next, when it comes to our car finance, don’t believe everything you see or read. Commercials for special financing for those who are first time buyer or have bad credit abound in papers and on the television. These are usually a little too good to come true and come attached with requirements such as extra high down payments and extremely high interest rates. In some cases, both apply to the loan.

Before you go to get your loan, make sure you know about your own credit history. Get a copy of your credit report and go over it with a fine toothed comb. Look at the score as well as the payment histories on it. If anything at all looks incorrect, make sure you get it cleared up. When a lender looks at how much money to give you, they will check out your debt ratios, how long you have been at your job, your history with similar loans, and your credit report as a whole.

Once you are armed and ready to consider your car finance, shop around. It is usually a good idea to look for the financing before you buy the car. You will better know what you qualify for that way. Also, you can use your information to bargain further with the dealer. In order for them to finance your car, you should ask them to beat the rate you have from wherever else you have looked.

Remember that everything is negotiable. Just because the car finance rate you got is pretty good, it doesn’t mean that you have to pay what they ask. Negotiate the rate of your loan, the price of the car, or anything else you can talk to them about. It can’t hurt and you could save yourself a lot of money that way. As the process goes on, don’t get caught up in the numbers. The dealers will try to give you monthly payment numbers only so that you don’t notice any added charges. However, sit down with a calculator and just figure out the payments yourself and you will have nothing to worry about.

Always know that car financing [http://www.newyorksocialist.com/category/automotive-news] may seem complicated, but it doesn’t have to be. Educate yourself, shop around, and make sure you know what is going on and you should have no problem. Better yet, you will find yourself with a great new or pre-owned automobile.

Car Finance Places You On The Top Gear While Buying A Car

Fast car on open roads. It is a perfect picture for any car enthusiast. But you have to go to your work and also drop your kids to school. This is the real picture for most of us. We need to save time when we don’t have any. A typical individual has so many odd jobs to complete that a car can, without doubt, facilitate their accomplishment. Financing your car doesn’t fit your idea of the way of buying your car; then probably you are still stuck with traditional car buying methods. Shed your inhibitions with regard for car financing because it undoubtedly keeps in mind your financial caliber before furnishing you with a car finance loan.

Car financing has taken a new spin with regard to providing investment for buying a car. So, how do you finance a car? If this question leaves you baffled, then you have to go a long way in the process of buying a car. The term ‘financing’ in relation to buying a car connotes either rendering loan to buy the car or lease the car to you. You are probably concentrating on the former meaning. Many people are in favour of talking car finance from dealership for it seems like a convenient option. It seems easy; you select a car, fill out a credit application, and drive away with your car – all in a day’s work. Car finance through dealership will give you car finance on weekends and even at nights when other banks and credit unions are closed.

Seems convenient, isn’t it? But there is a catch. The dealer will be certainly charging you more for your car finance. Usually car buyers are overcharged by 3% on their car finance. A great number of complaints about car financing are related to dealers. 0% APR is not only attractive but lures the buyers to acquire up car finance not meditating if it is feasible for them. There are very few people who can actually get a 0% APR. Thus car finance deals usually fall midway thereby making car finance experience an extremely distressing one. You are buying a new car and probably for the first time, you certainly want it to compliment your enthusiasm. There are few elementary things that need to be kept in mind before taking that crucial primeval step in car buying.

First and foremost in car buying and financing is checking your credit score before you apply for a car loan. Many people are unaware of the fact that they even have a credit score. You can expediently check your credit score online. So, if you have bad credit history then probably you will be paying more interest rate for your car finance. If your credit score drops below 550, then probably apply for new car finance is not such a good idea. First repair you credit score. Repairing credit score requires little effort, helps you repay your debt and retain your credit report. Online car finance companies can get you car finance loan even if your credit score is lower than required. Your car finance loan can get approved in minutes. Online car finance companies have revolutionized car finance procedure. With lowest online car finance rates, no application fees, or down payments car finance companies provide a formidable competition to car dealers. Car finance companies have set a standard for providing car finance that is worth opting for.

70% of cars are obtained by some kind of financing. You can even finance a used car. The process is as effortless and undemanding as financing a new car. The essence to finding the right car finance is doing to research about your kind of car. Knowledge is power; you must be awake to this age old logic. When so much information frequently exists, then why not make use of it. Find out how much your car costs by comparing rates with local dealers. Very decisive, is cognizing how much, you can afford. Calculate, you monthly income and deduct your usual monthly expenditure to find out how much you can afford on a monthly basis. Compute carefully, otherwise you will find difficulty in repaying your car finance loan. And you definitely don’t want to fool around with your repayment plan because a lot is at stake. You can seek free advice for your own car finance online through credit unions and loan institutions.

You are a car enthusiast, a car consumer, a just a person who needs a car you ought to drive the best car. And why not drive the best car, when you have access to the best car finance plans. Car financing is a transparent route that leads you to become a car owner. Car finance loans are usually short term loans ranging from 36 to 72 months. Shorter loan term imply, lower interest rates and will prove to be cheaper. You have been working hard to select the car you want; there is a fairly good chance that you would not have to work so hard for car finance. So, sit back relax and enjoy the ride.

Personal Loans UK : A Brief Introduction

How are loans charged?

A personal loan is a lump sum that you typically borrow from your bank or building society bank, or through a retailer where you are buying an expensive item such as a car or domestic appliance. You agree to pay back the loan over a fixed number of months (called the “term”) by making set monthly payments. There may or may not be an arrangement fee when you take out the loan, depending upon the lender chosen.

You can usually pay extra for payment protection insurance which pays your monthly payments for you if you are unable to work because of illness or redundancy. Interest is charged at a fixed rate dependent upon the amount you borrow. Most lenders will allow you to pay off a personal loan early i.e. before the end of the term, however there is often a charge equal to part of the interest you would have paid had you kept the loan for its full term.

What is APR?

What you pay for a personal loan can be expressed as an ‘Annual Percentage Rate’ or APR. APR takes into account:

– the interest on the loan;

– any other charges you must pay eg. any arrangement fee or the cost of payment protection insurance

– the term of the loan.

You do not need to know how to work out an APR. The important thing is that APR shows the cost of borrowing on a standard basis so you can compare the APR of one lender with another and instantly see who is the cheaper lender for the same borrowed sum and term. A loan with a lower APR is cheaper than a loan with a higher APR. The APR also lets you compare the cost of personal loans with other types of borrowing such as credit and store cards. It is important to remember though that APR does not take into account charges such as an early repayment charge if you pay off the loan before the end of its term.
What are loan terms?

Not to be confused with term (duration of a loan) terms are special conditions and or exclusions a lender may impose depending upon personal circumstances or the purpose of the borrowing. Some loans are restricted to particular uses eg. home improvements and not for the purposes of debt consolidation etc. You may be required to open a current account with the lender if you are not an existing banking customer. You may also be required to take out payment insurance but usually this is optional. Check what charges are made if you decide to pay off the loan early.

What if I can’t repay my personal loan?

The main risk for the lender is that you cannot keep up the loan repayments. Some personal loans are secured, usually against your home or some other significant asset. This means that if you do not keep up the payments the lender can seize and sell your asset to recover the loan.
Most personal loans however are unsecured i.e. not secured against an asset. If you do not keep up the payments, the lender can take you to court where you could be ordered to pay off the loan over a renegotiated term and under specific terms, perhaps in smaller monthly amounts spread over a longer period. This results in a County Court Judgement (CCJ) against your name and you will probably find it hard to borrow elsewhere if you have a CCJ against you.

As an absolute last resort when someone has difficulty repaying significant debts bankruptcy is an option although the implications of bankruptcy can be far reaching.